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Who and What is the Joint BioSecurity Centre in the UK

  • Teaser: It used to be the Scientific and Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) but now its the ominous sounding Joint BioSecurity Centre. What are they doing?

The scientific and Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) in the UK, was for a while the rather secret group of advisors for the government for Covid19. . It included Dr Patrick Vallance, the UK Chief Scientific Officer and ex board member of GlaxoSmithKline, the world’s biggest vaccine maker and also controversially had Dominic Cummings, the Prime Minister’s chief advisor

However, SAGE has now been apparently replaced by the Joint Bio-Security Centre, an even more secret group, a more permanent team to monitor the Covid19 crisis, set policy for this and other future similar disease threats. It is said that it will work similarly to the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC) which analyses terrorism threats and sets threat levels.  According to the article by the charity, the Institute for Government, who wrote this article originally on May 12th:

“The government has said this centre will lead a new biosecurity monitoring system. It will bring together experts on disease incidence and control (epidemiologists) with other analysts from across government to give ministers, via the chief medical officer, joined up advice on decisions about managing the disease.”

“The centre will have two main jobs. The first is as an independent analytical function to provide real-time analysis about infection outbreaks. It will look in detail to identify and respond to outbreaks of Covid-19 as they arise. The centre will collect data about the prevalence of the disease and analyse that data to understand infection rates across the country.

Its second job is to advise on how the government should respond to spikes in infections – for example by closing schools or workplaces in local areas where infection levels have risen. Should UK government ministers decide to impose different restrictions in different areas and regions across England, it will be on the advice of the JBC.

In June the government announced that Dr Clare Gardiner, a director at the National Cyber Security Centre with a background in medical statistics and epidemiology, would head up the centre. She takes over from Home Office official Tom Hurd, who briefly led the JBC in its early phase. The government has not announced the wider membership or staffing of the JBC. If it follows a model used by many other independent bodies it could be staffed by civil servants and informed by a standing team of experts.

The government has also said that it will consider whether the JBC should form part of an extended and ongoing infrastructure to address biosecurity threats. SAGE is an ad hoc grouping with a changing membership to deal with a wide variety of emergencies.

The government has not yet said what the new centre will publish or how transparently it will operate, beyond saying that the new Covid-19 alert level will “communicate the current level of risk clearly to the public”.

The article also stated that the JBC will take a more active role than SAGE in advising ministers, to deal with disease outbreaks. It sits within the Test and Trace service in the Ministry of Health and Social Care.

Back in May, concerns were raised over the formation of this new group, whose remit seemed to include the collection and storage of people’s data and given the possible lockdown strategies being recommended gave concern that it would be used as part of an ongoing surveillance mechanism of the government. Also, the article stated that the temporary head of the BSC was not a doctor, but was being considered to head the UK security apparatus, MI6 at the time. He was also an old Eton school mate of Boris Johnson.

While SAGE was an advisory group the JBC will be a more permanent and significantly funded operation with £9 billion being channeled toward it.

The article above quotes from Dr Chris Whitty, the UK Chief Medical Officer,

The government is investing £9 billion in the Joint Biosecurity Centre due to failures to invest in local health systems over the years, the government’s chief medical officer has said.

Chris Whitty gave the figure during a House of Lords Science and Technology Committee hearing on 17 July as part of its inquiry on the Science of Covid-19.

“The fact that so much resource has rightly had to be put into the JBC is because of this fact that we really have not invested in health protection over the last several years,” Whitty said, answering a question about the UK’s local public health capacity for management of the pandemic during a potential second wave of Covid-19. “I think we should all be honest about that.”

The details of the new centre have been scarce so far, with some critics calling it out for secrecy.

While a national response is “usually the most effective way” to deal with the beginning of a large-scale epidemic, he said there was now a need for a more localised response.

“The more we get down to this later stage, with much lower numbers, [and] very, very different problems in different places, the more local responses are absolutely critical.

“National resources should be there to support the local response. But it should be the local people, the directors of public health, the local authorities, that for most of these small outbreaks—which are very much to do with the particular environment they are produced in—that should be taking the lead with support from national resource.”

Commenting on the function of the JBC, Whitty said it would take an operational role in collaboration with Public Health England.

“What it’s not doing, at least in its current form, is the job that Sage [the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies] is doing at pulling together science from multiple disciplines for the wider epidemic.”

The government’s chief scientific adviser Patrick Vallance added that there was a “very important distinction” between JBC and Sage.

“Sage is an advisory group. It’s not an operational group. It’s not a management group. It’s not formulating policy,” Vallance said. “It’s giving science advice on topics that cross departments and are of major importance during the emergency.”

The JBC, he pointed out, was “much more akin to the function of Public Health England in terms of being able to identify hot spots” and “being able to identify where numbers are going in the wrong direction”.

As Patrick Vallance states above, the JBC is more an operational group, which based on everything stated is a permanent part of the government health apparatus with its primary focus being Bio-Security. However, given its focus on Covid19 now, questions should be asked what its remit will be and how spending such a vast amount of money can be justified.

Even in June, it was being stated that the JBC will not be fully operational until the end of summer. In the meantime we can presume that members of SAGE are still advising the government on their Covid19 strategy.

What we are now seeing in September as part of the JBC/SAGE strategy is a ratcheting up of vast numbers of testing, even when the numbers of active cases are very small and the numbers of serious cases and deaths virtually non-existent. Therefore, serious questions should be addressed at the government and JBC why they feel the need to spend this amount of money on setting up what looks more like a bio-terrorism operation than simply monitoring the outbreak of Covid19.

It is hard to justify the current strategy of possible renewed lockdowns given that we are mostly seeing an increase in positive cases, with dubious results from the PCR tests, which it is clear don’t work well. The government is even talking about ramping up testing capacity to 10 million tests a day, which could cost the equivalent of the complete UK National Health Service budget for one year , which is £130 billion. The Daily Mail article stated the following on September 15th:
The radical government plans could see up to 10 million coronavirus tests carried out every day by early next year in a drastic expansion of the existing programme.

It comes after the Prime Minister yesterday effectively put Christmas celebrations on hold, as he warned that draconian new restrictions on gatherings of more than six people could be here for months - while chief medical officer Chris Whitty pointed the finger at 'Generation Z' for sparking a surge in cases.

Addressing the nation at the first No10 press conference since July, the PM said the spike in infections seen over the past week left him no choice but to tighten lockdown across England for the first time since March.

In a bid to avoid further reversals, a memo was sent to Nicola Sturgeon and other Scottish cabinet secretaries, outlining mass testing proposals 'to support economic activity and a return to normal life', according to the BMJ

The memo states: 'This is described by the prime minister as our only hope for avoiding a second national lockdown before a vaccine, something the country cannot afford.' 

The government currently spends £130bn on the NHS in England each year, so such a move would almost match the amount of funding pledged to the entire health service, which in itself represents some 20 per cent of all public spending. 

It also equates to the cost of the nation's education budget and represents a near-30-fold increase in the UK's testing capacity, with just 350,000 daily tests being carried out at the moment.

However, even Patrick Vallance and Chris Whitty had doubts:

Two of the government's biggest scientific advisers are among the sceptics, fearing tens of millions of people could be wrongly told to isolate.

Prof Whitty poured cold water on the idea that millions could be tested daily any time soon while chief scientific officer Sir Patrick Vallance said it was not a 'slam dunk that can definitely happen'. 

'I think it's likely we will have tests of this sort at some point in the not too distant future, but not too distant future covers quite a wide time range,' Prof Whitty said. 

'And I think it's important that what we don't do is pin ourselves to a date and say, 'By this time, this will be achieved', because we do have to be absolutely sure that these tests work, and they work at scale.'

A Few Big Questions

The absolutely extraordinary amounts of money threatening to be given for all the above activities, which in this climate of ongoing fear look like not receiving the level of needed scrutiny. For a government that pleaded poverty for 12 years and decimated social services, there seems to be suddenly an infinite amount of financial capital available, and this at a time when the economy of the UK is on its knees.

The renewed lockdowns, the inconsistent and vacillating restrictions and ongoing fear seems designed to keep people locked up and fearful till a vaccine is produced, and/or health immunity passports are ready. This is the only conclusion to draw unless the excuse of incompetency is rolled out again. Otherwise, why would the government risk yet more damage to the economy. Also, deaths from lockdown are likely to be much more than deaths from Covid, so the fears of Covid19 spreading are not a justifiable reason.

The fact that the government was being accused of being secretive with the original SAGE team has now only been amplified as this new secretive and expensive “Joint Bio-Security Centre” is established. The government is infringing on people’s civil rights without being held to account and unfortunately politicians of all parties are going along with this. It is an arrogant and contemptuous abuse of power. Covid19 is just being used as an excuse now to impose ongoing draconian and undemocratic restrictions on the British people. There is no science to justify this policy.